Monday, July 29, 2013

பதற்றமான பகல் பொழுதுகள் ! பயங்கரமான இராக்காலங்கள் ! !

epidTfs; rpy:-
gjw;wkhd gfy; nghOJfs;! gaq;fukhd ,uhf;fhyq;fs;!

cLit.v];.jpy;iyeluhrh

rpWtajpy; ,uT Ntisfspy; rpy Neuk; rhg;gplkhl;Nld; vd mlk; gpbj;jNghnjy;yhk; mk;kh k;khz;b thwd;; gf;fd; thwhd;; vd gak;fhl;br; rhg;gpl itj;jhYk;> rpy ehl;fSf;Fs; mg;gb xUtd; ,y;iy vd;w njspNtw;gl;L gakpy;yhky; Ngha;tpl;lJ.

1958 ,y; gj;J taJr;rpWtdhd vdf;F -,uhZtk; nghyp]; MfpNahiug; ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapy; ghu;j;jnghOJk;-rpy rpy fijfisf;Nfl;lNghJk; gjw;wg;gl;lJ cz;ik- me;j tajpy; je;ij Ntiy nra;Ak; filapy; jq;fpapUe;J ,uT vl;L kzpNghy iff;Ff;fpilj;j ku;kehtnyhd;iw thrpj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jNghJ-ahNuh xUtu; gpd;Gwkhf te;J vdJ fz;fis jdJ ifshy; nghj;jpaNghJ gag;glhky; ifia vL ifia vL vdf; fj;jpNdd;@  mtu; ifia vLj;Jtpl;lhu;. fz;izj;jpwe;j ehd; gaj;jpdhy; mywpNdd;. Vndd;why; fz;fisg;nghj;jpaJ ngupa kPir itj;jpUe;j nghyp];fhud; xUtd;. %r;Nr epd;WtpLk; NghypUe;jNghJ mt;tplj;Jf;F te;j vdJ je;ij gag;gl Ntz;lhk; vd;W nrhy;yp nghyp];fhudpd; njhg;gpiaf;fol;b kPiriaAk; gpLq;fp vwpe;jhu;. vdf;F khkh Kiwahd xUtu; tpisahl;Lg;Nghl;bNahL eilngw;w tpNdhj cilg;Nghl;bapy; nghyp];fhud; Ntlk; Nghl;L> Nghl;b Kbe;j ifNahL mNj nghyp]; cilxg;gidfNshL te;J vd;idg;gaKWj;jpaJk;- mjw;fhf vdJ mg;ghtplk; ey;yhf Vr;R thq;fpaJk; md;W ele;j rk;gtq;fs;.

gpd;G nghyp]; ,uhZtk; vd;w gak; ,y;yhky; Ngha; tpl;lJ. nghyp]; jpizf;fsj;jpy;; 1967 Mz;L Kjy; vOJeuhff; flikahw;wp nghyprhNuhL neUq;fpg;gofpajhYk;-tUl ,Wjpapy; ,Ug;igr;rupghu;f;f ( Verification of Stores) nghyp]; epiyaq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W gytifahd Jg;ghf;fpfs;-Njhl;lhf;fs;-uitfs;- Fz;Lfisg; ghu;j;Jg;ghu;j;J fz;fSk;> vz;zp vz;zp rupghu;j;J iffSk; gof;fg;gl;L tpl;ld.

Kjy; Kjyhf Jg;ghf;fpr; rj;jk; Nfl;Lg;gae;NjhbaJ-18-07-1977 ,y; vd epidT. fhiy aho;g;ghzj;jpy; mYtyfk; nrd;wgpd; jhd;> Kjy;ehs; ,uT aho;.efu re;ij vupA+l;lg;gl;ljhfTk;- ,uTg;Gifapujg;gazpfs; jhf;fg;gl;ljhfTk; efupy; gy tu;j;jf epWtdq;fs; nfhs;isabf;fg;gl;ljhfTk; MSf;fhs; fijfisg; gupkhwpaij mLj;J mYtyf ez;gu;fs;; nry;tuhrh N[hu;[; MfpNahUld; Gjpdk; ghu;f;fr;nrd;W aho;.efupy; glgl ntd Jg;ghf;fpr; rj;jk; Nfl;L gjw;wj;NjhL gae;Njhba $l;lj;NjhL ehq;fSk; XbNdhk;. filfspy; nfhs;isabf;fg; Nghdtu;fis Juj;Jtjw;fhf nghyprhu; vr;rupf;if ntb Nghl;ljhf fe;Njhupy; fijj;Jf;nfhz;lhu;fs;. md;W khiy ehd; jq;fpapUe;j Iadhu; Nfhtpybg;gf;fkhf Ik;gJf;F Nkw;gl;l ,isQu;fs; Njhspy; Jg;ghf;fpfSld; mzptFj;Jr;nrd;whu;fs;. rpyu; fl;ilf; fhw;rl;ilAlDk ,d;Dk; rpyu; kbj;Jf;fl;ba rhuj;JlDk;. xUrpyu; kl;Lk; rj;jk; Nfl;fhj wg;gu; nrUg;Gk; mzpe;jpUe;jhu;fs;. nghyp]; jpizf;fsj;jpy; Ntiy nra;fpNwd; vd;w JzpTld;-mtu;fisf; $u;e;J mtjhdpj;jNghJ-xUtd; vd;d ghf;fpwha; ? Ngh cs;Sf;F- Jtf;if cau;j;jpf;fhl;l tPl;Lf;Fs; kiwe;J nfhz;;Nld;. mtu;fspd; Njhw;wk;-mzpe;jpUe;j cil Ngrpf;nfhz;l thu;j;ijfspypUe;J mtu;fs; nghyprhNuh ,uhZtj;jpdNuh my;y vd;gJ njspthfj;njupe;jJ. njupe;jhYk; gfypy; gjw;wj;Jf;Fs;shd Kjy; mDgtk;.

1984 nrg;lk;gu; khjk; vd epidT. tTdpah kd;dhu; tPjpapy; FUkz;fhL re;jpf;F mz;ikapy; ehd; trpj;j thlif tPl;Lf;F- xUehs; mjpfhiyapy; kd;dhu; tPjp topahf te;jtu;fs; nrhd;d nra;jp- G+turq;Fsj;jpypUe;J gk;ikkL tiuAk; Nuhl;Lf;F ,uz;L gf;fKk; Mf;fisr; Rl;Lg;Nghl;Lf; fplf;F. mit nfhOk;gpiyapUe;J aho;g;ghzk; Nghw g];rpiy te;j Mf;fs;.

- mJ ngha;ahapUf;Fk;-nfhOk;gpiyapUe;J thw g]; G+turq;Fsk; gk;igkL Nghf Ntz;ba Njitapy;iy vd;w epidg;Gld;- vdJ irf;fpspy; VwpNdd;-

cz;ikjhd;!?  neYf;Fsj;ijj; jhz;br; nrd;wNghJ tPjpNahuk; jhWk; khWkhfg; gj;Jg; gpNujq;fisg;ghu;j;Njd;-mjw;F mg;ghYk; gpNujq;fs; gutpf;fplg;gjhff; Nfs;tpg;gl;lhYk;; -Rk;kh Vd; jk;gp Nghwha;?; vd;W vdf;Fj; njupe;j ngupatu;> vOg;gpaNfs;tpf;F gjpy;$w Kbahj jhy; tTdpahTf;Fj;; jpUk;gpNdd;. ngupatu; njuptpj;j jfty;:- nfhOk;gpypUe;J aho;g;ghzk; Nehf;fp te;j g]; wk;ght vd;w ,lj;jpy; NjePu; Fbf;f epWj;jp. kPz;Lk; Gwg;gLk;NghJ Vwpa Gjpatu;fs; g];tz;bia gyte;jkhf kjthr;rp kd;dhu; tPjpf;F nfhz;L nrd;W nrl;bFsk; G+turq;Fsk; topahf  kd;dhu; tTdpah tPjpf;F jpUg;gp vOe;jkhdkhfr; Rl;L gpNujq;fis tPjpapy; Nghl;Ltpl;L Xb tpl;lhu;fs; ,g;gbahd rk;gtq;fs; ,ilapilNa njhlu Muk;gpj;jJ.. ,r;rk;gtj;jpd; gpd; rpy khjq;fs; fope;jpUf;Fk;-

1985k; Mz;bd; eLg;gFjpia mz;kpj;j fhyk; vd epidT. tTdpah cjtp murhq;f mjpgu; FzehafKk;-gjpy; r%f Nritfs; cjtpg;gzpg;ghsu; ghyRg;gpukzpaKk; cj;jpNahff;flik fSf;fhf [Pg;tz;bapy; nfhOk;G nrd;wJ njupAk;@ mtu;fs; flik Kbe;J nfhOk;gpypUe;J kpfpe;jiy topahf jpUk;gp  mur thfdj;jpy; te;J nfhz;bUe;j NghJ kpfpe;jiyFr;rkPgkhf thfdj;ij kwpj;J mtu;fis ntspNa ,Oj;J rpj;jputij nra;J nfhiy nra;jjhf jg;gpNahb te;j rhujp nrhd;dhd;. thiaf;fpopj;J jiyia Rol;b epyj;jpy; J}f;fpg; Nghl;L cof;fp vd;w rpj;jpu tijia epidf;Fk; Nghnjy;yk; Njfk; eLq;Fk;. ,e;jr; rpj;jputijf;Fk; nfhiyf;Fk; fhuzq;fs; njupahJ. gpNujq;fs;  fpilf;fNt ,y;iy@ gpNujq;fs; fpilf;fhjjhy; vd;Nwh xU ehs; jpUk;gp tUthu;fs; vd;wpUe;j FLk;gj;jpdUf;F Vkhw;wk;jhd; kpQ;rpaJ. gy ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd; mtu;fsJ kuzk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

rpyu; Fw;wk; nra;jjhf kpd;fk;gj;jz;ldiAk; toq;fg;gl;lgpd; kpd;rhu tpsf;Fj;J}NzhL iffs; gpd;Gwkhff;fl;lg;gl;l epiyapYk;; jiy rha;e;j epiyapYk;; gpzq;fisf;fz;L epiy Fiye;jpU f;fpNwd;. g]; epiyak;-re;ij Nghd;w rdre;jb epiwe;j ,lq;fspy; cupj;Jf;fhuu;fs; ,y;yhjJ Nghy rlyq;fs; nts;isj;Jzpahy; Nghu;j;J %bitf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;. rpy rlyq;fs; mUNf vr;rupf;iff;Fwpg;Gfs; mlq;fpa fbjKk; fhzg;;gLk;.

  ghlrhiy ehl;fspy; King can do no wrong  vd;Wk; mjw;F murd; jtW nra;tjpy;iy vdTk; Mrpupau; nrhy;ypj;ju Nfl;bUf;fpNwd;. cj;jpNahfkhfpa Gjpjpy; murhq;f mjpgiu ahUk; mirf;f KbahJ@ mtu; xU khtl;lj;Jf;F ,uhrh khjpup vd;W nrhy;yTk; Nfs;tpg;gl;bUf;fpNwd;. gpd;du; vz;gJfspy; Ky;iyj;jPT  murhq;f mjpgu; Qhdr;re;jpud; ,uiz kLr;re;jp g];epiyaj;UNf- aho;g;ghz murhq;f mjpgu; gQ;rypq;fk; mtuJ tPl;by;- kd;dhu; murhq;f mjpgu; kf;g+y; MfpNahu; Rl;Lf;nfhy;yg;gl;Ls;shu;fs; vd;gij mwpe;J vJTNk nrhy;yNth nra;aNth KbahjpUe;j murhq;f cj;jpNahfj;jh;fs; gyiug;ghu;j;Js;Nsd;.

,j;;;jifa  mtyq;fs; xU ,lk; ,uz;L ,lq;fSf;F khj;jpuk; vd;wpy;yhky; gy ,lq;fSf;Fk; gutpaJ@ tlf;Ff;F mg;ghYk; nrd;wJ.

MAjq;fNshL ghJfhg;G jug;gpdu; tUtijf;fz;L $l Xb xspf;fhjtu;fs; nts;isepw  thidj; J}uj;jpy; fz;lhYk; Xl;lkhf Xb kiwe;J tpLthu;fs;. mjDs; jiyahl;b vd miof;fg;gLgtupd; if my;yJ jiy ahiug;ghu;j;J mirfpwNjh> mtu; gyte;jkhf thdpy; Vw;wg;gLthu@; Vw;wpr;nry;yg;gl;ltu; jpUk;gp te;jhy; fz;Lnfhs;syhk; @ re;Njh\g;glyhk;. jdpg;gl;l Nfhg jhgq;fSf;fhfTk; fhl;bf;nfhLg;Gfs;- fOj;jWg;Gfs; ele;jjhfTk; Nfs;tp.

1977,y; nfhOk;G fhq;Nfrd;Jiw ,uTg;Gifapujq;fs; ,uz;Lk; mEuhjGuj;jpy; jupj;J Gwg;gl Maj;jkhdNghJ jhd; fhilau; $l;lj;jhy; nra;ag;gl;l nfhiy nfhs;is rpj;jputijf; fijfshy; Gifapujg;gazk; Mgj;jhdJ vd;w mgpg;gpuhak; cUthdJ. nfhiyfs; jiutopg; Nghf;Ftuj;jpd; NghJ kl;Lky;y-

1985 Nk khjk; 15k; jpfjp  Gq;FLjPT Fwpf;fl;LthDf;Fk;  neLe;jPTf;Fk; ,ilNa nghJkf;f spd; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr; Nritapy; <LgLk;; FKjpdp vd;Dk; ngaUila glfpy; Rkhu; 70 Ngu; ga zk; nra;j NghJ Nfhukhff; fj;jpfshy; ntl;bAk; nghy;yhy; mbj;Jk; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l fij fhl;Lj;jPahfg;gutp flw;fiug;gf;fk; Nghff; fyq;fpa ehl;fisAk; kwg;gjw;fpy;iy.

jiutop fly;top vd;gjw;Fk; mg;ghy; cs;Su; gazNritf;Fg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l tpkhdnkhd;wpy; gazpfs; Vwpa tpkhdk; thdj;ij Nehf;fp NknyOe;jJ njupAk;@ flypy; tpOe;J nehWq;fpa jhf rpy nra;jpfs;@ thdj;jpy; itj;J Rl;L tpOj;jg;gl;ljhf rpy nra;jpfs.; ele;jitnay;yhk; Cfpf;fg;gl;l nra;jpfs; vdTk; mit cWjpg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy vdTk; Ngrpf;nfhz;lhu;fs;. Mdhy; tpkhdKk; gazpfSk; fhzhky; NghdJ cz;ik.

1977 Mk; Mz;Lf;Fg;gpd; MW tUlq;fs; mikjpahf ,Ue;j tTdpahtpy; 01-06-1983 re;ijg;gFjpf;F te;j tpkhdg;giltPuu; ,Utu; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;ldu;. md;W njhlf;fk; gpur;rpidfs; Muk;gkhdJ. tPjpNahuKs;s tPLfspy; trpj;NjhUf;F ,utpd; mikjp $l gaq;fukhf ,Ue;jjhfj; njuptpj;jhu;fs;. ,uT gfyhf Xbj;jpupAk; Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fs;> aho;g;ghzk; Ky;iyj;jPTg;gFjp fspypUe;J kPd; Rke;J nry;Yk; nyhwpfs; cl;gl Ngupiur;rNyhL tpiue;J nry;Yk; ghuT+u;j;jpfs;> aho; Njtp cj;ju Njtp ,d;urpw;wp> nkapy; nuapd;> xapy; nuapd;> Fl;]; nuapd; vy;yhtw;wpd; XirfSk; Xa;e;J kuj;jpypUe;J ,iy tpOk; rj;jk; njspthff;Nfl;FksTf;F mikjp@ gaq;fu mikjp.

1985 Mf];l; 10 Mk; jpfjp  rdpf;fpoik  fhiy MW kzpf;F rpy epkplq;fs; fopj;J Fspj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j vd;Nky; fl;blk; ,be;J tpOtJ Nghy gaq;fu Xir.. $iuapypUe;J J}Rfs; nghynghyntd nfhl;Lg;gl;L vd;Nknyq;Fk; tpOe;jJ. rupahff; Fspf;fhkNy ntspNa te;J rj;jk; Nfl;l jpir Nehf;fp Xbatu;fSld; ehDk; XbNdd;. tTdpah Gifapujepiya tPjpapy; gz;lhupFsk; nry;Yk; ghijf;fUfpy;  ghy;rhiy Kd;ghf nghyp]; [Pg; tz;b fz;zpntbapy; rpf;fp jlk; Guz;L jfLfshff;fhl;rpaspf;f mjpypUe;j vl;Lg;NgUk; nfhy;yg;gl;ljhfg; Ngrpf;nfhz;ldu;.

,r;rk;gtk; ele;J xUthuk; $l Kbatpy;iy. Mf];l;  16 Mk; jpfjp nts;spf;fpoik mjpfhiy 5 kzpf;Nf fz;b tPjpapy; glgl ntd njhlu;e;J Jtf;Fr;#l;Lr;rj;jq;fSk; Rl;Lf;nfhz;L thwhq;fs; vdf; Fswpf;nfhz;L XLgtu;fSk gjw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;jpdhu;fs;;@ murhq;f mjpgupd; gzpg;Giuapy; tTdpah cjtp murhq;f mjpgUk; ehDk; Kd;dhs; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu; Re;juypq;fk; tsTf;Fr;nrd;W 23 nghJkf;;fspd; rlyq;fis M];gj;jpup rtr;rhiyf;F nfhz;Lte;Njhk;.

fhiyapy; tPl;Lf;fjitj;jpwg;gtu;fs; vjpNu re;jpf;Fk; xt;nthUtiuAk; VJk; gpur;rpidNah ? NghfyhNkh ? vd;W Nfl;L-jpUg;jpahd gjpy; fpilj;jhy; jhd; mLj;j mb vLj;J itg;gJ tof;fkhfpaJ. tPjpNahuj;jpUg;gk; xt;nthd;wpYk; cjhiy Nghfg;gakpy;yNah ?’ vdf;Nfl;L tpy;yq;fkpy;iy vd;w gjpiyg;nghWj;J gazj;ijj; njhlu;tijAk; ghu;j;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;. ,d;Dk; rpyu-; tajhdtu;fs; Fwpg;ghf 30 taJf;Fk; 50 taJf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;ltu;;fs; rpwpa J}uj;Jf;F gazpg;gjhdhYk; irf;fpspy; jkJ ghJfhg;Gf;fhf Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk; rpW Foe;ijfisf;$l;bf; nfhz;L nrd;wijAk; fz;bUf;fpNwd;. irf;fps; ghupy; jiyaizia kbj;J itj;J mjd; kPJ> rpd;dQ;rpW gpQ;Rfisf;$l ghJfhg;Gf;flikfspy; <LgLj;jpatu;fisAk; fz;L Mr;rupag; gl;lJz;L.

ehd; rw;W nefpo;r;rpj;jd;ikAs;stdhf ,Ue;Njd;. vd;Dld; xd;whfg;gbj;J> Nkil ehlfq;fspy; ebj;J xNu ehspy; epu;thf Nritf;F epakdk; ngw;w nrl;bFsk; cjtp murhq;f mjpgu; v];.v];.n[fehjd;  ,g;gbahd rk;gtq;fshy; gae;JNgha; ,lkhw;wnkLj;Jf;nfhz;L kl;lf;fsg;Gf;Fr; nry;tjw;fhf vd;idAk; mioj;jhu;. ehd; kWj;J tpl;Nld; mtu; tTdpahit tpl;Ltpl;Lr;nrd;whu;@ tpjpAk; njhlu;e;J nrd;wJ@ kl;lf;fsg;G  murhq;f mjpgu;; me;NjhdpKj;JTld; n[fehjd; mur thfdj;jpy; nry;Yk;NghJ epyf;fz;zp ntbapy;  thfdk; rpf;fpf;nfhs;s mJ mtu;fspd; ,Wjpg;gazkhdJ.;

,UNtWgl;l mDgtq;fSk; fpilj;jd:- ,uT vdJ tjptplf;fjit nkJthfj;jl;b ngau; nrhy;yp miof;Fk; rj;jk; njhlu;e;jJ. gof;fg;gl;l Fuy;. fjitj;jpwg;gjw;F kidtp jil Nghl;lhs;. [d;diy KOikahfj;jpwf;fhky; ghu;itiag; glutpl;Nld;. vdJ fl;Lg;ghl;bYs;s czTf;fsQ;rpaj;jpd; ,uTf;fhtyhsp fPoq;fpAld; kl;Lk; epw;ff;fhzg;gl;lhd;. ,utpy; MAjq;fSld; elkhLNthu; gw;wpa jfty; nfhLj;jjw;F jz;lidahf mtdJ Milfs; vupf;fg;gl;lJ. ehd; ghtpj;j rl;iliaAk; rhwj;ijAk; jhdk; nra;Njd;. ,J Nghd;w rk;gtq;fs;-fsT Nrjk; ,lk;ngw;why; nghyprpy; gjpT nra;tNjhL-Rw;wwpf;if mur epjpg;gpukhzq;fs; vd;gdtw;Wf;Nfw;g eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. fhiyapy; fsQ;rpaj;Jf;Fr; nrd;W mtrpa jfty;;fis ngw;Wf; nfhz;L vdJ gzpkid nrd;w rpy epkplq;fSf;Fs; vy;NyhUk; ghu;j;Jf;nfhz;bUf;f Kd;gpd; njupahj ahNuh xUtu; vdJ irf;fpis vLj;J Xl;bf;nfhz;L;nrd;whu;. Juj;jpr;nrd;Wk; gpbf;f Kbatpy;iy. vdJ nrhe;j irf;fps; jtwhd eltbf;iff;Fg;ghtpj;jhy; vdf;F fiur;ry; tUnkd;gjw;fhhfTk; vjpu;fhy njhlu;Gf;fhfTk; Kd;$l;bNa nghyprpy; Kiwg;ghl;il gjpT nra;Njd;. czTf; fsQ;rpaf;fhtyhspf;F MilnfhLj;jij tpUk;ghj MAjf; FO irf;fpNshL tpisahba fijfSk; gutpaJ.

mbf;fb mur epWtdq;fs; tq;fpfs; nghyp]; epiyaq;fs; jhf;Fjy;fSf;F cs;shf;fg;gl;lJ. nghyp]; epiyaq;fs; ngUk;ghYk; ,utpNyNa jhf;fg;gLtJ tof;fk;. Mdhy; rhtfr;Nrup nghyp]; epiyak; xU nrt;tha;f;fpoik gpw;gfy; jhf;fg;gl;L MAjq;fs; mgfupf;fg;gl;ld. Vw;nfdNt jpl;lkpl;lgb Gjd;fpoik fhiy tTdpahtpypUe;J vdJ fhupy; kidtpAld; Gwg;gl;L nfhbfhkk; topahf funtl;b nrd;W> mq;Nf mtiu tpl;Ltpl;L> tTdpah jpUk;gpf;nfhz;bUe;j NghJ nfhbfhkj;jpy; funtl;b cjtp murhq;f mjpgu; Iahj;Jiuapd; fhiuf;fz;L vdJ thfdj;ij epWj;jpNdd;. tpkhdepiyag;gf;fk; VNjh mrk;ghtpjk; vdTk; tpiuthfr;nry;Yk;gbAk; Iahj;Jiu vdf;Fr;nrhd;dhu;.

NtW thfdq;fNsh Ml;fNsh ,y;yhky; ntwpr;Nrhbf;fple;j tPjpapy; tpiue;j vdJ fhu; nfhbfhkj;Jf;Fk; gisf;Fk; ,ilNa Mirg;gps;is Vw;wk; vd;w ,lj;jpy; MAjghzpfshy; kwpf;fg;gl;L vd;dplkpUe;J gwpf;fg;gl;lJ. fhiug;gwp nfhLj;jijtpl Jg;ghf;fpjhupfspd; fhtYf;F kj;jpapy; ,Ue;jJ jhd; NahridahfTk; NtjidahfTk; ,Ue;jJ. rhg;ghL Fspu;ghdk; jUtjhf mtu;fs; Nfl;lNghJk; ehd; gpbthjkhf kWj;Jtpl;Nld;. gpw;gfy; ,uz;L kzpf;F gwpf;fg;gl;l fhu; kPz;Lk; ehd;F kzpf;F gwpj;j ,lj;jpy; itj;Nj jpUg;gpj;jug;gl;lJ. vdJ gpiuahzf;Nfhupf;iffSf;F Nkyjpfkhf murhq;f thfdq;fspy; nry;yf;$lhJ vd> fl;Lg;ghL tpjpf;fg;gl;l ,lq;fSf;F mur cau; mjpfhupfs;> ntspehLfspypUe;J tUk; rpyu; nry;y Ntz;ba re;ju;g;gq;fspy; vdJ thfdj;Jld; vd;idr; rhujpahfTk; gad; gLj;Jthu;fs;. tq;fp epytiwfspy; $l gzj;ij itg;gJ ghJfhg;gpy;iy vd;gjhy; tq;fpKfhikahsu; fjpu;NtyhAjgps;is tq;fpapypUe;J nghyp]; epyaj;Jf;F ghJ fhg;ghf gzj;ij vLj;Jr;nry;y vd;Dld; vOj;jpy; ,y;yhj ,ufrpa cld;gbf;if nra;jpUe;jhu;. tq;fpapy; NrUk; ngUk; njhifia gpwu;mwpahky; nghyp]; epiyak; nfhz;L Nru;g;gjw;Fg; gpujpAgfhukhf tq;fpapYs;s vdJ eilKiwf;fzf;fpy; fhu; thlif vd itg;Gj;njhifAk; mjpfupf;Fk;. ,itvy;yhtw;iwAk; vz;zp fhiu MAjf;FO gad;gLj;jpaij nghyprpy; Kiwg;ghL nra;ag;Nghtjhfr; nrhy;ypaJk;- ‘fhu; nfhiyf;Nfh nfhs;isf;Nfh ghtpf;ftpy;iy vd;Wk; nrhd;dhu;fs;. vdpDk; vdJ vjpu;fhy
 ghJfhg;Gf;fhf fpspnehr;rp nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; Kiwg;ghL gjpthfpaNghJ> ePq;fs; mjpu;\;lf;fhuu;-fhiu vLj;j ,lj;jpNyna je;jpl;lhq;fs; vd;wdu; fpspnehr;rp nghyprhu;. nghyp]; epiyaj;ijtpl;L ntspNa tUk;NghJ ,uT ntF Neukhfptpl;ljhy; KuR Nkhl;ilapy; cwtpdu; tPl;by; jq;fpapUe;J tpl;L mLj;j ehs; fhiy Gwg;gl Maj;jkhdNghJ fhu; ,ae;jpuk; ,aq;f kWj;jJ. tplak; njupe;j xUtu; gw;wp rhu;r; MFjpy;iy ildNkh Ntiy nra;atpy;iy vd;W rpy tau;fis ,izj;J js;S ];uhl nra;jhu;;. KUfz;b jhz;b te;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ tz;b ve;j irifAkpd;wp epd;W tpl;lJ. fhu; Xl;lj;njupe;j vdf;Ff; fhiuj; jpUj;jj; njupahJ.

 tTdpah Nehf;fpr; nry;Yk; thfdj;jpy; nfhLj;Jtpl;l fbjk; gbj;j khq;Fsk; vupnghUs; epug;G epiya Kfhikahsu; n[atPurpq;fk; nkf;fhdpf;Fld; te;jhu;. vupnghUs; jhq;fpapypUe;J ntspNaw;Wk;  Foha; cile;J ngw;Nwhy; tPjpapy; tpOe;J MtpahdJ. nkf;fhdpf; fhupd; Kd;Gw Nghdl;ilj;jpwe;J N`hu;z; mbf;f ,izf;fg;gl;bUe;j ieNyhd; upAg;igf;fol;b ngw;Nwhy; jhq;fpNahL ,izj;J N`hu;z; mbf;fhky; nkJthff;fhiu Xl;lNtz;Lk; vd;whu;. mjpu;\;l trkhf me;Neuk; ghu;j;J mt;topNa te;j tPjp mgptpUj;jp jpizf;fsg;gzpg;ghsu; kfhNjthtpd;; fhupy; Nkyjpfkhff; nfhz;L te;j ngw;Nwhy; vd; fhiu ,aq;f itj;jJ.

 fhu; Gspaq;Fsj;ij mz;kpf;Fk; NghJ vdJ fl;Lg;ghl;il kPwp tPjpapd; ,lJ gf;fk; ,Oj;jJ. ehDk; Kbe;jsTf;F ];upaq;;if tyJ gf;fkhfr;Row;wpNdd;. ey;y Ntis vjpu;Gwj;jpypUe;j te;j nyhwpapd; rhujp je;j iyl; rpf;dy; ifairg;G fj;jy; vy;yhtw;iwAk; mtjhdpj;J vd;[pid epWj;jp fhiuf; fl;L;g;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L te;Njd;. nyhwpiar; nrYj;jpf;nfhz;L te;jtu; mUfpy; te;jJk; milahsk; fz;Lnfhz;Nld;. tTdpah gpugy tu;j;jfu; fhrpg;gps;isapd; kUfu; Gtpuh[rpq;fk;. mtUk; $lte;jtUk; fhiug;ghu;itapl;l gpd; uau; nwhl; fod;WNgha;tplljhfr; nrhy;yp> gpd;G mij jw;fhypfkhf g+l;b nkJthf cUl;bf;nfhz;L nry;Yk;gbAk;- VjhtJ rpf;fy; vd;why; jhq;fs; fpspnehr;rp nrd;W jpUk;Gk;NghJ fl;b ,Oj;Jf;nfhz;L nry;yyhk; vd;W nrhd;dhu;fs;. ghu;g;Nghk; vd;W nrhy;yp nkJthf ,uz;lhtJ fpaupy; tTdpah tu Rkhu; ,uz;L kzp Neuk; gpbj;jJ. md;W khiy vdJ ez;gu;fSf;F ehd; aho;g;ghzk; nrd;W te;j fij mtu;fspd; tha;f;F mtyhf ,Ue;jJ@ rpy ehl;fspd; gpd; frpe;j nra;jp Mirg;gps;is Vw;wj;jpy; MAjf;FOthy; gwpf;fg;gl;l vdJ fhu; nfhiyf;Nfh nfhs;isf;Nfh gad;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy@  nghyp]; epiyaj;jpy; Kjy; ehs; ifg;gw;wpa MAjq;fis ,d;ndhU ,lj;Jf;F khw;wpf;nfhz;L nry;yg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. fpspnehr;rp nghyp]; epiya gjpthy; tprhuizfspypUe;J tpLjiyahNdd;.

tTdpah nghyp]; epiyaj;Jf;F kpf mz;ikapy mikf;fg;gl;bUe;j cs;tl;ltPjp;apy; rpy mur tpLjpfs;. vz;gJfspd; eLg;gFjpfspy; mtw;wpy; xd;wpy; FLk;gj;Jld jq;fpapUe;Njd;. mur tpLjpfspy; jq;fpapUe;j ngz;fspd; NgR nghUspy; xd;whfptpl;lJ>tTdpah nghyp]; ];NlrDf;F mb tpOe;jhy; vq;fl fjp mNjh fjpjhd;! vd;d nra;ayhk;?. ,e;jj; jiytypia kidtp vdf;F khw;w Kad;w NghJ ehd; nrhd;Ndd;:- mJf;F xU gpshd; itr;rpUf;fpwd;. mbghL njhlq;fpd clid tPLfspd;u gpd;gf;fj;jhiy nuapy;Nt ];NurDf;F NghwJf;F xU FWf;F top ,Uf;F@  ];NurDf;F Nghdhy; jz;lthsj;jhiy ele;J jhz;bf;Fsk; tiuf;Fk; Ngha; rh];jpup$shq;Fsk; Nghfyhk; .mq;if Njhou; gj;kehjd; ,Uf;fpwhu;. mtNuhil ,Uf;fyhk;;

. ,g;gbr; nrhy;yp rpy ehs; fope;jpUf;Fk;. ,uT nghyp]; epiyak; jhf;fg;gLtij ntbr;rj;jq;fspypUe;Jk; Ml;fs; XLtjpypUe;Jk; mwpa Kbe;jJ. ehq;fSk; murpdu; tpLjp gpd;gf;fkhf Gifapuj epiyak; Nehf;fpr; nry;yj;njhlq;fpaJk; NtWk; rpyu; vq;fSld; Nru;e;J nfhz;ldu;. Gifapuj epiyaj;ij neUq;fpaNghJ NknyOk;gpa cyq;F thD}u;jpapypUe;J tPrg;gl;l ,urhad ntspr;rq;fs;> aho;g;ghzf; Nfhtpy;fspd; me;j ehs; ,uhj;jpUtpohit epidt+;l;LtJ Nghy ,uitg;gfyhf;fpaJ.  me;j ntspr;rj;jpy; gsgsf;Fk; jz;lthsj;Jf;Fk; rpypg;gu; fl;ilfSf;Fk; ,ilahy; rpwpa ghk;Gfs; Xbr;nrd;wijf;fhz Kbe;jJ. vdNt jpl;lj;ijf; iftpl;L Gifapuj epiyaj;jpy; nghjpfs; itf;Fk; miwapy; milf;fyk; GFe;Njhk;.  rj;jk; Nghlf;$lhJ vd;W nrhd;d ehNd mikjpiaf; Fiyf;Fk; gbahfptpl;lJ. mlf;f Kbahj msTf;F Jk;ky;@  miw KOtJk; J}R. vy;NyhUk; ed;whfj;Jk;kpdhu;fs; .tpbAk; tiu rpukg;gl;L mlf;fpaJ Jk;kiy kl;Lky;y@ rpupg;igAk; jhd;!;.MNuh epidf;fpdk; vd;W xUtu; nrhy;y-Mkpf;fhud; epidf;fpwhd; mJ jhd; Jk;ky; vd;W ,Lf;fz; te;jNghJk; rpupj;jtu;fis vd;ndd;gJ? tpbe;j gpd; itutg;Gspaq;Fsj;jpypUe;j tprpX(VCO) eluhrh tPL jw;fhypf trpg;gplkhfpaJ.

vdJ tjptplj;Jf;F kjpa czTf;fhf te;jNghJ> tTdpah cjtp murhq;f mjpgu; Iak;gps;isiaAk; vd;id Ak; mtrukhf mioj;j murhq;f mjpgu; nrhy;ypa nra;jp mjpu;r;rpiaAk; Jf;fj;jijAk; je;jJ. mEuhjGuj;jpypUe;J Rkhu; 150 Ngu; ,lk; ngau;e;J tUfpwhu;fs;.mtu;fs; rpy ehl;fs; jq;fpapUf;f ,lk; xOq;F nra;a Ntz;Lk;@ ehd; ghlrhiyfs; rpytw;wpd; ngau;fisf; Fwpg;gpl;lNghJ- mur mjpgu; mitNtz;lhk; vd;w irifapy; ifia mirj;J khztupd; gbg;G ghjpf;fg;gLk; ghl rhiyfspy; trjpfSk; Fiwthf ,Uf;Fk; vd;wJld;> jhz;bf;Fsk; tptrhag;ghlrhiy tpL jiy ehl;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;@ fijj;J xOq;F nra;ar;nrhy;yp tpl;L> mLj;j jftiyr; nrhd;dhu;.

,UgJ ,Ugj;ije;J gpNujq;fs; tUFJ. mij aho;g;ghzk; nfhz;L Nghf xOq;F nra;a Ntz;Lk;. nghJthf ,uz;nlhU gpNujj;ijNa kyu;r;rhiy thfdk; jtpu;e;j Vida thfdq;fs; vLj;Jr;nry;y cld;gLtjpy;iy@ tTdpah gyNehf;Ff;$l;LwT rq;fj;jiytu; Qhdg;gpufhrk; nghJ Kfhikahsu; rptNrfuk; MfpNahiur;re;jpj;J> Fwspy; gbj;j  Giu jPu;e;j ed;ikf;fhf xU ngha;iar;nrhd;Ndd;- jhf;FjYf;Fs;shd rpyu; mEuhjGuj;jpypUe;J thwhu;fs;- rpy fhuzq;fSf;fhf mNj thfdk; tTdpahtpypUe;J aho;g;ghzk; nfhz;L Nghf KbahJ. rq;f nyhwpapy;  fhaf;fhuiu cldbahf aho;g;ghzk; nfhz;L Nghf xOq;F nra;a Ntz;Lk;-nyhwp FYf;fhky; ,Ug;gjw;fhf gpd;Df;F ckpia Vw;wp mjpy; mtu;fisf;nfhz;L Nghfyhk; vdj; njuptpj;jJk; mtu;fs; rhujpiaf; $g;gpl;L> jk;gp Iah nrhy;Yw khjpup ckp Vw;wpf;nfhz;L aho;g;ghzk; Nghapl;L th”….,g;gbahf tTdpah te;j rlyq;fis aho;g;ghzj;Jf;F mDg;gp itj;Njd;.

mEuhjGuj;jpypUe;J  ,lk;ngau;e;J tTdpahtpNyh aho;g;ghzj;jpNyh cwtpdu;fs; ez;gu;fs; vd;W nrhy;ypf;nfhs;s ahUk; ,y;yhjtu;fis jhz;bf;Fsk; ghlrhiyapy; jq;fitj;jgpd;G jhd; rhg;ghl;L tplak; Kf;fpakhf czug;gl;lJ. me;j ehl;fspy; mjw;fhd xOq;Ffs; vijAk; murhq;ff;fzf;fpy; vOjKbahJ. ehd;ife;J Ml;fs; vd;why; vkJ nghUshjhuk; ,lk; nfhLf;Fk;. epiyikiar; rkhspf;f- ifnfhLj;jtu;fs; tTdpah tu;j;jfg;ngUkf;fs;- mJTk; ngUe;njhifahd kf;fspd; cldbg;grpf;F ghZk; [hKk; thiog;goKk; jhd;. mJTk; filfilahf Vwp,wq;f Ntz;Lk;@ Nrfupf;f Ntz;Lk;@ nfhz;L nrd;W Nru;f;f Ntz;Lk;@ Vr;RfSk; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;@ khu;f;fl; gj;kehjd;> FNshg; uh[ypq;fk>; <rd;]; ,uhkrhkp> rptrf;jp rz;Kfuh[h> Qhdk;]; jk;gpuh[h vdr;rpyu; Kd;Df;F te;jjhy; murhq;f Copau;fshfpa vkJ Rik vspjhdJ.
,it njhlu;fijahfg;NghfpwJ vd;gij czu;e;j murhq;f mjpgu NyhNf];tud;; mLj;j ehs; fhiy mtru$l;lk; xd;iw Vw;ghL nra;jhu;@ mjpy; khtl;l kl;l cau;mjpfhupfSk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ed;kjpg;G ngw;w fs;spf;Fsk; Kj;ijah> Nfh.eNlrgps;is> ,.njh.fh.kUjg;gps;is MfpNahUk; fye;J nfhz;lhu;fs;. ,f;fl;lhd Ntisfspy; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;ba cldb epthuz Ntiyfs; gw;wp fye;Jiuahb eltbf;if vL;g;gjw;fhd FOthf mJ mikf;fg;gl;lJ.. Vndd;why; mg;NghJ Gdu;tho;T Gdu;epu;khz mikr;R vd xU jdpahd mikr;R ,Uf;ftpy;iy.

me;jf;FO murhq;f mjpgu; jiyikapy; mbf;fb $baJ. mjpgu; Nf.rp.NyhNf];tud; nfsut Gdu;tho;T cjtp Mizahsuhf vd;id epakpj;jhu;@ FOf;$l;lq;fspy; vy;NyhiuAk; tpl tajpy; mjpfk; $batuhfTk;  ngWkjpahd MNyhridfis toq;FgtuhfTk; fs;spf;Fsk; Kj;ijah tpsq;fpdhu;. Ntl;b> eh\dy; rhy;itAld; te;jhYk; ruskhf %d;W nkhopfspYk; gq;fspf;ff;$batu:; ,uz;lhtJ cyf kfhAj;j fhyj;jpy; Nghu;fs mDgtKk; ,tu; ngw;wpU e;jjhf Nfs;tp;. kpfTk; rhjhuzkhfr; rpy tplaq;fisr; nrhy;yp murhq;f mjpgu; cl;gl vy;NyhiuAk; rk;kjpf;f itj;j rhkhu;j;jparhyp. rpytw;iwg; gjpT nra;tJ mtrpakhFk;. ,og;Gfs; epuk;gpa ,uhf;fhyq;fspypUe;Jk; Fog;gj;jpy; Mo;j;jpa gfy;nghOJfspypUe;Jk; XusNtDk; epk;kjpfhz ,e;j epthuzf;FO cjtpaJ.

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murhq;f Copauy;yhjtu;fs; kPsf;FbakUk; NghJ tptrha ifj;njhopy; rpW tpahghuel tbf;iffis Muk;gpf;f nfhLf;fg;gl;l gz cjtp cw;gj;jp Kaw;rp ed;nfhil vd ngauplg;gl;lJ.

Nrjkile;j tPl;ilj;jpUj;Jtjw;fhf my;yJ rpwpjhf mikg;gjw;fhf tPlikg;G cjtpAk; toq;fg;gl;lJ.
ehd; mwpe;j mstpy; 80 fspd; eLg;gFjpf;F Kjy; Gdu;tho;T mikr;R vd ngauplg;gl;l mikr;R xd;W ,Uf;f tpy;iy. r%fNrit jpizf;fsk; ,aq;fpdhYk; vy;yhtw;iwAk; ifahs f;$ba Mw;wYs;s epiyapYk; mJ ,Uf;ftpy;iy. %d;W r%fj;jpdupd; ,lg;ngau;T kPsf;Fbaku;T Mfpa tpla q;;fspy; tTdpah khtl;lj;jpd; Ntiyg;gS mjpfupj;jJ. mur murrhu;gw;w epWtdq;fSld; Kj;ijah Nghd;wtu;fspd; MNyhridfSk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. gpd;G rikj;j czT (COOKED MEALS) cyu;czT (DRY RATIONS) rikay; cgfuzq;fs;( COKKING UTENSILS) kPsf;Fbaku;jy;gb (RESETTLEMENT ALLOWANCE)  cw;gj;jp Kaw;rp ed;nfhil (PRODUCTIVE  ENTERPRISE  GRANT) tPlikg;G cjtp (HOUSING ASSISTANCE )vdg;gytplaq;fs; tTdpahtpypUe;J mwpKfkhdJ.  fs;spf;Fsk; vd;Dk; fpuhkj;ijr;Nru;e;j Kj;ijahtpd; $l;LwTj;njhz;ilAk; Vida NritfisAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L tTdpah gyNehf;Ff;$l;LwT rq;fk; mkuu; Kj;ijahtpd; ngaiu rq;f kz;lgj;Jf;F itj;J nghJepfo;r;rpfs; mk;kz;lgj;jpy; ,g;NghJk; eilngWfpwJ.

nfhOk;gpy; ,e;jpa ,yq;if cld;gbf;if  ifr;rhj;jpLtjw;F Kjy; ehs; fhiy ttdpahtpyp Ue;J Gwg;gl;l mur mjpgUld; nry;y Ntz;bapUe;jJ. thfdj;jpd; gpd;Gw ,Uf;ifapy; jpUj;j Ntiyf;fhf tPiznahd;iwAk; vLj;Jr;nrd;Nwhk;. top KOtJk; my;Nyhyfy;Nyhyk;.tPiz vq;fisf; fhfl;bf;nfhLj;J tpLNkh vd;w mr;rk; xU Gwk;@ thfdj;ij epWj;jp tPrTk; KbahJ@ njupahky; kiwj;J cs;Ns itf;fTk; KbahJ. rhujp rhJupakhf vupe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; thfdq;fSf;fpilahYk; Ml;;fs; neUq;Fk;NghJ  epWj;JtJ Nghy ghtid nra;J tpiuthfr;nrYj;jpAk; rpy ,lq;fspy; N`hu;z; mbj;Jf;nfhz;Nl NkhJtJ Nghyr;nrd;Wk;> tPjpapd; tpspk;Gf;Fj; jPBu; jPBu; vd;W jpUg;gpAk; nfhOk;Gf;F te;J Nru;e;J tpl;Nlhk;. mLj;j ehs; fhiyapNyNa Culq;Fk; cj;juT. %d;W ehl;fshf nts;stj;ij nghyp]; epiyaj;Jf;Fg; gf;fj;jpypUe;j Ngf;fupapy; fpAtpy; epd;W ghz; thq;f Kbe;jJ ngUk;fhupak;jhd;.

ehl;L epyik rhjhuz xOq;iff;$l Fiyj;jpUe;jikf;;F xU rpW rk;gtk;@ vOgJfspd; Muk;gj; jpy; rpW fpuhknkhd;wpy; xU Qhapw;Wf;fpoik khiy rhuj;Jld; NjePu; mUe;jg; NghdNghJ vdf;Fg; gf;fj;jpy; te;J epd;w [Pg;gpypUe;J ,wq;fpa vdJ Nkyjpfhup cj;jpNahfj;jUf;F Vw;w khjpup ey;y cil mzpe;J upg; nuhg;ghf ,Uf;f NtZk;-ey;y ,lq;fspiy jhd; rhkhd; thq;f NtZk;@ rhg;gpl NtZk; vd;whu;. mtu; ,utpy; epj;jpiu nfhs;Sk; NghJ $l ePsf;fhw;rl;il iuNahL gLg;gjhf rfcj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; gfpbahfr; nrhy;tJz;L;. mNj Nkyjpfhup 1987 ,y; nfhOk;gpy; ,e;jpa ,yq;if cld;gbf;if  ifr;rhj;jpl;l kWehs; rhuj;Jld; ghz; fpAtpy; epd;w NghJ kdJf;Fs; rpupg;ig mlf;fpf;nfhz;L mtUf;Fg;gf;fj;jpy; nrd;Nwd;.  ,e;j Neuk; vq;fis milahsk; fhl;lhky; ,Ue;jhy; jhd; jg;gyhk; vd Mq;fpyj;jpy; nrhd;dhu;.

xU QhapW khiy tTdpahtpypUe;J nfhOk;ig te;jile;j vd;id khj;jpuky;y nfhOk;G efu j;ijAk; kWehs; 12-09-1988 jpq;fl;fpoik Kjy; Kjyhf N[tpgp  ,af;fj;jhy; elhj;;jg;gl;l Ntiy epWj;jk; epiy jLkhw itj;jJ.; nts;stj;ijapypUe;J nfhOk;G Nfhl;ilf;Fr; nry;t jw;F gy Gifapujq;fs; tUk;@  g]; tz;bfSk; jhuhskhf XLk;. md;W ve;j thfdKk; ,y;yhky; gzk; mjpfkhff;;nfhLj;J Kr;rf;fu tz;b %yk; nfhOk;G Nfhl;ilf;Fr; nrd;Nwd;. kjpak; xUkzpastpy; nts;stjijf;Fj; jpUk;gp te;jJ fhy;eilahf. mJTk; fhyptPjpapy; xUtiuAk; fhz tpy;iy@ ehd; kl;Lk; jdpahf- jhfnkLj;Jk; gzkpUe;Jk; nts;stj;ij ez;gupd; miwf;F te;J jhd; gr;irj;jz;zPuhtJ Fbf;f Kbe;jJ.

,yq;if ,e;jpa cld;gbf;ifapd; gpd; tPjpnay;yhk; mikjpg;gil jhuhskhf elkhbj;jpupe;j 88k; Mz;bd; ,Wjpg;gFjp. ngWkjpahd eiffisAk; rpy Mtzq;fisAk; tTdpahtpypUe;J aho;g;ghzk; nfhz;L nrd;W Nru;f;f Ntz;Lk;. mf;F NtW MzpNtwhf nghUl;fisg; gpupj;Jg; ghu;f;Fk; Nrhjid rhtbfs; xd;wpypUe;J ghu;j;jhy; kWrhtb ed;whfNt njupAk;@ ,Ue;Jk; Nrhjidf;nfLgpbfs; mjpfk;.

 nghUl;fisg; gpiuahzg; igapd; mbapy; itj;J NkNyAs;s rpg;ig(Zip) ,Oj;jJk; jhdhfNt tpupaf;$ba khjpup xU Gj;jfj;ij kbj;J itj;J tpl;Nld;. rpy khjq;fSf;F Kd; ,e;jpahtpy; i`juhghj;jpYs;s  gapw;rp epiyaj;jpy; fhy;eilmgptpUj;jp nrayku;tpy; fye;J nfhs;sr; nrd;w NghJ nrayku;NthL njhlu;Ngapy;yhj fhyhl;gil gapw;rp epiya j;Jf;Fk; mioj;Jr;nrd;W mtu;fspd; epu;thf mwpf;if xd;iw md;gspg;ghfj;je;jhu;fs;. gpiuahzg;igapd; NkNy itj;Jf;nfhz;L Nghd me;jg;Gj;jfk; igapd; mbapy; itj;Jf;nfhz;L nrd;w eiffis mikjpg;gilaplk; fhl;bf;nfhLf;f tpy;iy. Mdhy; md;wpuT vq;Nfh vJNth nra;J tpl;L rpwpJ Neuk; xJq;Ftjw;fhf Xbte;J tPl;Lf;Fs; Eioe;j Gypfspd; ghu;itapy; me;jg;Gj;jfk; gl;Ltpl;lJ. Rkhu; %d;W ehd;F kzpNeuk; Nfs;tpfshy; Jisj;njLj;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; Nghd gpd; jhd; capu; te;jJ. ehKk; jg;g Ntz;Lk;@ nghUl;fisAk;  fhg;ghw;w Ntz;Lk;.

jpUkiy fly;KftPjpAk;  kj;jpatPjpAk;  re;jpf;Fk; %iyapyike;j tPl;by; thliff;FbapUg;ghsuhf ehDk; kidtpAk; tho;e;j fhyk;. 
 
1990k;  Mz;L [{d; khjk; 13 Mk; jpfjp Gjd;fpoikapuT kWehs; fhiy Ky;iyj;jPTf;F nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;ba nghUl;fisAk; mwpf;ifiaAk; jahupj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j NghJ tPjpahy; ngUk; vz;zpf;ifapyhd Ml;fs; Ngha;tUk; rj;jKk; thfdq;fs; Xbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; rj;jKk; mjpfhiy tiu Nfl;l tz;zkpUe;jJ. 11Mk; jpfjp jpq;fs;fpoik ghyk; Nghl;l MW nghq;f Yf;Fk mJ khjpupahfr; rj;jq;fs; Nfl;Lg;gof;fg;gl;ljhy; mijg; ngupJ gLj;j tpy;iy. tpahof;fpoik fhiy 7  kzpahfpAk; 6 kzpf;Ff;F tu Ntz;ba rhujp tutpy;iyNa vd;W Nfw;iwj;jpwe;J ntspNa te;j NghJ jhd; epiyik Gupe;jJ.

xU rpyiuj;jtpu vq;fs; maypy; vy;NyhUk; vq;Nfh nrd;W tpl;ldu;. kWgbAk; Nghu; njhlq;f g;NghtjhfTk;  ,uNthbuthf vy;NyhUk; cg;Gntspr;re;jpiaj; jhz;br; nrd;W tpl;ljhfTk; mwpe;Njd;. Nfw;iw ,Oj;Jr; rhj;jp tPl;by; ahUkpy;iy vd;gJNghy rq;fpypahy; Rw;wp Mikg; G+l;ilnfhOtp g+l;L ntspNa ,Uf;ff;$bajhf ,Oj;J tpl;Nld;@ ahUk; ghu;j;jhy; tPl;by; xUtUk; ,y;iy vd epidg;ghu;fs; vd ehd; epidj;jJ jtwhfg;Ngha;tpl;lJ. khiy 5 kzpastpy; Vnol;Lg;Ngu-; rpyu; rhuj;Jld;. Mdhy; xUtUk; rPUil mzpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. Nfw;wUNf te;J jl;bf;$g;gpl;lNghJ rj;jkpy;yhjpUe;Njd;. g+l;il ,Oj;J cilg;gJ Nghyj; njupe;jJk; ntspNa te;J jpwe;J vd;id mwpKfk; nra;Njd;. tPl;il Nrhjpj;Jtpl;Lg;NghdhYk; jpUk;gTk; tuyhk; vd;w gaKk; ,Ue;jJ. khiy 6 kzpf;Fg;gpd; ntspNa NghtJ Gj;jprhypj; jdky;y vd epidj;J tPl;by; jq;fpNdhk;.

 rhg;ghL ,Ue;Jk; rhg;gpl kdkpy;iy. ehDk; kidtpAk; xUtiunahUtu; ghu;j;jgb Nfhgf;fhuu; Nghy fijahky; ,Ue;Njhk;@ ,uT gjpndhU kzpapUf;Fk; fjpiuapy; fz;zau;e;J J}q;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j vq;fis jpLf;fpl;nlo itj;jJ ntbr;rj;jq;fs;.J}uj;jpy; fjTfs;; cilf;fg;gLk; rj;jk;@ rpy nghUl;fs; tpOe;J nehUq;Fk; rj;jk;@ wg;gu; vupe;J kzf;Fk; thridAk; GifAk;. vdJ irifiag;Gupe;J ngWkjpahd nghUl;fis fsntLf;f tUgtu;fSf;F trjpahf Kd;Gw N`hypy; itj;J eL miwia g+l;b tpl;L gpd; gf;fkpUe;j fpzw;Wr;Rtupd; cl;Gwkhf fhiy itj;jgb ehDk; kidtpAk;. mtSf;F kl;Lk; Nfl;ff;$bajhf nrhd;Ndd;- fsT jhd; thwtq;fil Nehf;f nkz;lhy; ,Uf;fpwnjy;yhj;ijAk; vLj;Jf;nfhz;L Nghfl;Lk;. rj;jk; Nghlhky; ,Ug;gk;@ ;gpd;Df;F ,Uf;fpw filrpf;fjitAk; cilr;Rf;;nfhz;L te;;jhy; fpzj;Jf;Fs;is tpOtk.;; kidtpAk; kWNgr;rpd;wp rk;kjk; njuptpf;f fpzw;Wf;fl;Lr;Rtupy; tpbAk; tiu nghOJ fope;jJ.

 ed;whf tpbe;jgpd; fjTfisj;jpwe;J ghu;j;jhy; itj;jnghUl;fs; mg;gbNa ,Ue;jd. mf;fk; gf;fj;J tPLfspy; VNjh mrk;ghtpjk; ele;jjw;fhd mwpFwpfSk; njupaj;jhd; nra;jd. rw;Wj;njhiytpy; ,Ue;j vkJ cwtpdu; tPl;Lf;Fr; nrd;W> rpy epkplq;fSf;Fs; ngz;fs; fjwf;fjw mq;NfapUe;j Mz;fSk; ehDk; ghJfhg;Gg;gilahy; gpbf;fg;gl;L jpUNfhzkiy Kw;wntspauq;Ff;nfhz;L nry;yg;gl;Nlhk;. me;j ikjhdk;; KOtJk; Mz;fshYk; ghJfhg;Gg;gilahYk; epuk;gpapUe;jJ. ngz;fs; xUtUk; nfhz;L tug;gltpy;iy vd;gjpy; xU epk;kjp. Kjy;ehs; epj;jpiu tpopg;G@ nfhjpf;Fk; nta;apy@; jhfj;jhy; jz;zPu; Nfl;fTk; rf;jp ,y;yhjtu;fshf----ghJfhg;G jug;gpYk; ,uf;fkdk; gilj;j rpyu; ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. %d;W kzpastpy; xUrpW  gTrupy; jz;zPu; nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ. vdJ gjtp fhuzkhf tupirapy; Ke;jpepw;f tpl;ljhy; miuf;fpsh]; jz;zPu; ehf;if <ukhf;fp jhfj;ijf; mjpfupj;jJ. gyUf;F mJTkpy;iy..

Ie;J kzpf;F gpd;du; xt;nthUtuhf ntspNa mDg;gj;njhlq;fpdhu;fs;. Kjypy ntspNawpa ;mjpu;\;lf;fl;ilfspy; ehDk; xUtd;. Kw;wntspf;F ntspNa fhspNfhtpy; Kd;ghf xU %jhl;b ngupa ghidapy; jz;zPUk; Rj;jkhd vtu;rpy;tu; lk;su;fSk; itj;Jf;nfhz;L jz;zPu; tpepNahfk;. klf; klf; vd;W %d;W lk;su; jz;zPiuf;Fbj;jJk;; Nghd capu; kPz;Lk; te;j czu;T. vd; tho;ehspy; tpOe;jbj;J jz;zPu; Fbj;j ,uz;L ehl;spy; md;Wjhd; KjyhtJ ehs;;. ,uz;lhtJ ehs; ,d;ndhU re;ju;g;gj;jpy; nrhy;Ntd;@ vdJ mk;khTf;F mLj;jjhf me;j mk;khit kdjhu topgl;L ifnaLj;Jf; Fk;gpl;L ed;wp nrhd;Ndd;. mtu; jk;gp xU cjtp vd;wJk; fhw;rl;ilg;nghf;fw;Wf;Fs; fhirj;jltpaJ vdJ tpuy;fs;. jk;gp Mul;ilAk; Nfl;L ,e;j jz;zpg;ghidiaAk; fpshRfisAk; cs;Sf;F nfhz;L Nghf tplr;nrhy;Yq;Nfh- ghtk; jz;zp f;F me;jug;gLq;fs;. fhrhy; vijAk; thq;fyhk; vd;W vz;zpa vd; Kfj;jpy; mbg;gJ NghypUe;jJ mk;%jhl;bapd; Ntz;LNfhs;. me;j  Ntz;LNfhs; nja;tj;Jf;Ff; Nfl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk.;. vy;NyhUk;; tpLtpf;fg;gl;L ntspNa Xb te;jhu;fs;. gyu;  XbNahb tPL nry;y rpyu; fhspNfhtpiyAk; mUfpypUe;j gps;isahu; NfhtpiyAk; Nehf;fp ifnaLj;Jf;Fk;gpl rpyuJ iffs; %jhl;bapd; Kd;dhypUe;J vtu;rpy;tu; lk;su;fis Nghl;b Nghl;Lf;nfhz;L J}f;fpd. me;j Mr;rpapd; kfpo;r;rpiag;ghu;f;fNtz;Lk;.


1994 ,y; [dhjpgjp Nju;jy; gpurhuf;$l;lq;fs; fisf;fl;bf;nfhz;bUe;j ehl;fs;-tTdpahtpypUe;J nfhOk;Gf;F tUk; rpy  ghijfs; top khw;wg;gl;L ,uTj;jq;fYf;fhf nts;stj;ij ,uhkfpU\;zkp\d; tpLjpia te;jile;j NghJ ,uT gj;Jkzpahfp tpl;lJ.
 [dhjpgjp Nju;jy; Ntl;ghsu;; fhkpdp jprhehaf;f nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l nra;jpAk; Culq;F cj;juTk; kW ehs; fhiyapy; jhd; mwpe;J nfhs;s Kbe;jJ. filfs; g+l;lg;gl;bUe;jJ. thfdq;fs; Ms;elkhl;lk; ,y;iy. `k;ld; NyDf;fUfpy; njhlu;khb tPl;by; njhopy; jpizf;fs ez;gu; Nahfuh[htpd; tjptplj;jpy; jq;fpapUf;f trjpapy;iy@ mur thfdKk; epWj;j Ntz;LNk. capiuf;ifapy; gpbj;Jf;nfhz;L mtu; tPL nrd;W %d;W Ntisr;rhg;ghl;ilAk; XNu juj;jpy; Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L Xl;lKk; eilAkhf %d;W ehl;fs;.

mNefkhd mrk;ghtpjq;fs; khiy ,uT Ntisfspy;jhd; ,lk;ngw;wpUf;fpd;wd. Rtp]; N[u;kd; yz;ld; fdlhtpy; tho;NthUf;F clDf;Fld; jfty; fpilf;f njhiyNgrp %yk; jftiy cWjpg;gLj;j vd;Dld; njhlu;G nfhs;thu;fs;.;  mtu;fSf;F mJ gfyhf ,Ue;jhYk;>-mJ ehd; epj;jpiu nfhs;Sk; es;spuT Neukhf ,Uf;Fk;. mjdhy; mYj;Jf;nfhz;lJKz;L:- mLj;j ehs; Ngg;giug; ghu;j;J tp;l;Lr; nrhy;tjhfr; nrhy;YNtd;.

xUehs; ,uT Clftpayhsu; khzpf;f thrfk; ,uT gj;J kzpf;F vd;Dld; fijj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ ntbr;rj;jk;. mtu; vd;d vd;W Nfl;f ehis tPuNfrupia ghu;;;f;fr; nrhd;Ndd;. mtu;jhd; tPuNfrup nra;jpahsu;@ vy;NyhUf;Fk; nrhy;tJ  Nghy nra;jp mDg;Gk; .mtUf;Fk; mijr; nrhy;yp rpupf;f itj;Njd;.;

kfpo;r;rpahff; ;nfhz;lhl Ntz;ba ngUehl;;fSk; NtWtpjkhf mike;J tpl;lJ.  1993 jPghtsp vd;NdhL nghOijf;fopf;f cwtpdu; rpyu; te;jdu;.  mikr;R nrayhsu; fpwp];b rpy;th thfdq;fs; rpytw;iw G+efupf;F mDg;gp rlyq;fis nfhOk;Gf;F nfhz;L tu xOq;F nra;Ak; gb Nfl;lNghJ mikjp Fiye;jJ. jpl;lkpl;L  vJTNk nra;aKbahj epiy.
 1994 ijg;nghq;fy; mjpfhiyapy; tPl;Lf;F te;j nghyp]; mjpfhup etuj;jpd uh[hTf;F nghq;fy; tho;j;J $w Kd;du;> KUfD}u; mfjpKfhkpy; ele;j nfhiyfisr; nrhy;yp vd;idAk; mioj;Jr;nrd;whu;.

 toikahf fpspnehr;rp fr;Nrupapy; tpahof;fpoik kjpa cztpd;gpd; vd;idr;re;jpf;f cs;Su; Clftpayhsu;fs; tUthu;fs;;. vd;dplk; ngwg;gLk; jfty;fs; juTfs; mbg;gilapy; QhapW gj;jpupifapy; tuNtz;ba fl;Liu jahuhFk;;;. me;j tpahoDk; Clftpayhsu; re;jpf;f te;jpUe;jNghJ jPbnud ngUk; rj;jj;Jld; rPwpte;j nry; fr;Nrupf;F mUfpy; tpo INah INah vd myWk; mtyf;Fuy;. ehd; fz;fis %bagb Nkirapd; kPJ gLj;J tpl;Nld;. XNu GifAk; Ju;ehw;wKk;. rpy epkplq;fs; fopj;J nkJthf fz;fisj;jpwe;J ghu;j;jhy; fr;Nrup Copau;fs; vy;NyhUk; mq;Fk; ,q;Fkhf ep;yj;jpy;.tpOe;J fple;jhu;fs;.mjpu;r;rpapypUe;J kPstpy;iyNa jtpu mth;fSf;F Mgj;njhd;Wkpy;iy@ Mdhy; vdJ miwia mLj;jpUe;j xOq;ifNahL xl;bf;nfhz;bUe;j tPl;by; aho;g;ghzj;jpypUe;J ,lk; ngau;e;J te;J Mguzj;njhopypy; <L gl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;j ehy;tupd; rpije;j jirfisf; $l;br;rpy rhf;Ffspy; fl;b M];gj;jpupf;Ff; nfhz;L nrd;wJld; fpspnehr;rpia tpl;L Ml;fs; ,lk; ngaUk; glyk; Muk;gkhdJ. nts;spf;fpoik fzprkhd Ml;fs; %l;ilKbr;RfSld; ntspNawpdhu;fs;. rdpf;fpoik jdp xUtdhf fr;Nrup thrypy; epw;fpNwd;. Nkhl;lhu; irf;fpspy; te;j ez;gu; Ffd;(vOgJfspypUe;J tsu;e;j FLk;g el;ghy; mq;fps; vd;Nw vd;id miog;ghu;) ,ufrpak; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W vdJ tjptplj;Jf;F mioj;Jr;nrd;whu;. mq;Nf Gwg;glj;jahuhd epiyapy; rpwpauf thndhd;W-mUNf vdJ kidtpAk; mtuJ jhahUk;-ifapy; rpW igfSld;.

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